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  • Writer's pictureDahlia Foundation

What Is MDMA (Ecstasy)? Ecstasy

Updated: Aug 30, 2023

MDMA (Ecstasy)

Ecstasy (3, 4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine, or MDMA) is a drug that is illegally made.

Ecstasy is a stimulant drug that can cause hallucinations. It is known as a designer drug because it was created for the purpose of making someone feel high. The drug is popular with teens and young adults who go to clubs, concerts, or "rave" parties.

Users think the drug will make them feel good and keep them going for days without rest. But people who use Ecstasy don't realize how dangerous this drug is.

Ecstasy has become one of the most common illegal drugs sold on the streets. In the last few years, Ecstasy has sent many people to emergency rooms because of its dangerous side effects.


People use MDMA because it enhances feelings of alertness, euphoria, and physical and mental powers.

However, there are also some common adverse effects, as well as some severe risks and possible long-term damage.

Common adverse effects include:

  • Jaw clenching or teeth grinding

  • restlessness, insomnia, irritability, and anxiety

  • sweating, thirst, and nausea

  • impulsiveness

  • increased heart rate

More serious, and potentially fatal, conditions can arise under certain circumstances.

MDMA causes an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature.

These stimulant effects, combined with prolonged physical activity, a hot environment, and other drugs, can result in unpredictable and serious physical complications.

Deaths from MDMA use mostly result from hyperthermia, or a sudden increase in body temperature, cardiovascular collapse, or significant dehydration

Warning signs that suggest a potentially fatal event after MDMA use include:

  • excessive thirst and profuse sweating

  • muscle cramping

  • shaking chills

  • little to no urine output

  • blurred vision

  • fainting

  • seizures

These can lead to liver, kidney, or heart failure and even death.


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